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Bladder cyst: causes, symptoms and treatment

July 22nd, 2012 by admin

bladder cyst

A cyst is an abnormal membranous sac-like structures filled with air, fluids, or semi-fluids that may form in any part of the body, including tissues, organs and bones. The bladder is not an exception.

Bladder cysts are usually filled with fluids and may be described as lesions found along the internal lining of the organ. They may vary in size from microscopic and detectable only under special equipment to large that can displace other organs and tissues. Bladder cysts may form as a result of one of the following conditions:

- Hormone imbalance;
- An internal acid-base imbalance;
- Kidney diseases, like polycystic kidneys;
- Accelerated hypertension;
- Recurrent urinary tract infections;
- Genetic disorders;
- Abdominal surgery;
- Ovarian cysts (in women).

However it often happens that the cause of a cyst is difficult to define and it remains unclear.

Symptoms

Small cysts may not cause any symptoms at all. However, you may suspect that you have a cyst is you experience at least one of the following symptoms:

- Difficulties during urination;
- Darkened urine color and lightened stool color;
- Foul-smelling urine;
- Inability to empty the bladder or constant sensation of full bladder;
- Abdominal pain or feeling of heaviness in the pelvic area;
- Pain during bowel movements;
- Blood in the urine;
- Frequency or urge need to urinate, often resulting in incontinence;
- Swollen bladder;
- Urinary tract infections;
- Fatigue or weakness;
- Fever, nausea and vomiting;
- In women ovarian cysts usually cause menstrual irregularities, pain during sexual intercourse and tenderness of breasts.

Diagnosis and treatment

Symptoms of a bladder cyst may be easily confused with other urinary tract disorders, that’s why physical examination and medical history are not enough to make a diagnosis, and imaging studies (usually an ultrasound) are performed.
Treatment of this disease depends on its causes and the severity of the condition. If a cyst is small and causes no symptoms, it may be left untreated and there is a chance that it would go away on its own. However, regular observations are required in this case.

In case when a cyst causes symptoms that are difficult to manage, surgical intervention is the common treatment. The two common procedures performed are draining and removal of a cyst. Draining is applied for fluid-containing cysts and involves inserting a needle or a catheter into the bladder in order to drain or aspirate it. However, this type of treatment is not a reliable one, as cysts are likely to recur after a while. Removal is a complete excision of a cyst and is considered more effective. Both procedures are performed using local or general anaesthesia.
Homeopathy drugs are also effective in relieving the symptoms and treating urinary tract infections. If you are suffering from a bladder cyst it is also recommended to drink cranberry juice and to take plenty of fluids including water, juices, and soups to manage its symptoms.

Prevention

Bladder cysts are difficult to prevent, as its causes are usually unpredictable. In order to reveal a cyst at the early stages, don’t neglect any of the above-mentioned symptoms and make regular observations at your doctor.

These articles can be used for informational purposes only. To get an accurate diagnosis consult your doctor!

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